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Sunni: Hanafi[2][3]


Abū ‘Alī al-Ḥusayn ibn ‘Abd Allāh ibn Sīnā, known as Abū Alī Sīnā[7][8] (Persian: ابوعلی سینا، پورسینا) or, more commonly, Ibn Sīnā[9] or Pour Sina, but most commonly known in English by his Latinized name Avicenna (Greek: Aβιτζιανός, Avitzianós),[10] (c. 980 - 1037) was a polymath of Persian (today's Tajiks)[11][12] origin and the foremost physician and philosopher of his time.[13] He was also an astronomer, chemist, geologist, Hafiz, Islamic psychologist, Islamic scholar, Islamic theologian, logician, paleontologist, mathematician, Maktab teacher, physicist, poet, and scientist.[14]

Ibn Sīnā studied medicine under a physician named Koushyar. He wrote almost 450 treatises on a wide range of subjects, of which around 240 have survived. In particular, 150 of his surviving treatises concentrate on philosophy and 40 of them concentrate on medicine.[7][15] His most famous works are The Book of Healing, a vast philosophical and scientific encyclopaedia, and The Canon of Medicine,[16] which was a standard medical text at many medieval universities.[17] The Canon of Medicine was used as a text-book in the universities of Montpellier and Louvain as late as 1650.[18]

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