Báthory

related topics
{son, year, death}
{church, century, christian}
{war, force, army}
{language, word, form}
{government, party, election}
{county, mile, population}
{country, population, people}
{god, call, give}

The Báthory (Polish: Batory) were a Hungarian noble family of the Gutkeled clan. The family rose to significant influence in Central Europe during the late Middle Ages, holding high military, administrative and ecclesiastical positions in the Kingdom of Hungary. In the early modern period, the family brought forth several Princes of Transylvania and one King of Poland.

Contents

Origins

The Báthory family belonged to the Gutkeled, a clan of Hungarian nobles, which traced its descent to the Swabian brothers Gut and Kelad, who immigrated into Hungary from the castle Stof (probably Staufen im Breisgau or Hohenstaufen in Württemberg) during the reign of King Peter (reigned 1038-1046), who himself was partly of Venetian descent.[1]

The actual Báthory family began in the 13th century with Andrew of Rakoméz, surnamed the Bald, son of Nikolaus. Andrew is mentioned in 1250 as a patron of the monastery of Sárvár in the county of Szatmár.

In 1279, King Ladislaus IV rewarded Andrew's brother Hados[2] and Andrew's sons George (d. 1307), Benedict (d. 1321) and Briccius (d. 1322) for their military services by granting them Bátor in the county of Szabolcs. Bátor had been the estate of Vajda son of Lángos, who had married a relative of Andrew but died without issue.[3]

In 1310, Bátor came into the sole possession of Briccius when he reached an agreement with his nephew Michael and his cousin Vid to divide the joint possessions. After this, Briccius and his descendants named themselves "of Bátor" or Báthory.[4]

Full article ▸

related documents
Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor
Sophia of Hanover
Rudolph I of Germany
Stephen of England
Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork
Soong May-ling
John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster
Luís de Camões
Godwin, Earl of Wessex
Charles XIV John of Sweden
Philip I of Castile
Hans Christian Andersen
Afonso V of Portugal
Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall
Tolstoy
Joanna Baillie
Earl of Wemyss and March
Georg Ludwig von Trapp
Edward I of England
Conchobar mac Nessa
Francis Walsingham
Henrik, Prince Consort of Denmark
Guy of Lusignan
Boris Godunov
House of Habsburg
Catherine of Valois
History of Württemberg
Madama Butterfly
Anne, Princess Royal
Harald V of Norway