Bacup

related topics
{city, large, area}
{land, century, early}
{@card@, make, design}
{day, year, event}
{film, series, show}
{work, book, publish}
{build, building, house}
{album, band, music}
{town, population, incorporate}
{language, word, form}
{area, part, region}
{island, water, area}
{theory, work, human}
{church, century, christian}
{borough, population, unit_pref}
{black, white, people}
{village, small, smallsup}

Coordinates: 53°42′14″N 2°11′56″W / 53.704°N 2.199°W / 53.704; -2.199

Bacup (pronounced /ˈbeɪkəp/)[1] is a town within the Rossendale borough of Lancashire, England. It is located amongst the South Pennines, along Lancashire's eastern boundary with West Yorkshire. The town sits within a rural setting in the Forest of Rossendale, amongst the steep-sided upper-Irwell Valley, through which the River Irwell passes. It is 3.5 miles (5.6 km) east of Rawtenstall, 6.4 miles (10.3 km) north of Rochdale and 21 miles (34 km) east of Preston. At the time of the United Kingdom Census 2001, Bacup—which encompasses the outlying communities of Britannia, Stacksteads, Rockcliffe, Trough Gate and Weir—had a population of 12,763.

Bacup emerged as a settlement following the Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain in the Early Middle Ages. For centuries, Bacup was a small and obscure centre of domestic flannel and woollen cloth production, and many of the original weavers' cottages survive today as listed buildings. Following the Industrial Revolution Bacup became a mill town, its landscape dominated by distinctive and large rectangular woollen and cotton mills. Bacup received a charter of incorporation in 1882, giving it honorific borough status and its own elected town government, consisting of a mayor, aldermen and councillors to oversee local affairs.

In the late-20th century Bacup became part of the borough of Rossendale - at which time the town was suffering from chronic depopulation and urban decay with little in the way of infrastructural change in a century.[2] Nevertheless, Bacup's historic character, culture and festivities have encouraged the town's suburbanisation and redevelopment as a commuter town; English Heritage has proclaimed Bacup as the best preserved cotton town in England, and its town centre is designated as a conservation area for its special architectural qualities.

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Newington, London
Schoonhoven
Slatina, Croatia
Hof van Twente
Den Helder
North Walsham
Tiel
Hengelo
Zagazig
Moss, Norway
Oegstgeest
Stralsund
Novosibirsk
Lisse
Woodbridge, Suffolk
Uitgeest
Staphorst
Mataró
Eixample
Vinkovci
Našice
Castellón de la Plana
Moniaive
Caransebeş
Oval tube station
Zwolle
Swaffham
Greenford
Paddington
Shipley, West Yorkshire