Baja California peninsula

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{area, part, region}
{island, water, area}
{land, century, early}
{god, call, give}
{line, north, south}
{country, population, people}
{theory, work, human}
{work, book, publish}
{school, student, university}
{black, white, people}
{game, team, player}

Coordinates: 29°N 114°W / 29°N 114°W / 29; -114

The Baja California peninsula (Spanish: Península de Baja California meaning "Lower California peninsula") is a peninsula in northwestern Mexico. Its land mass separates the Pacific Ocean on the west from the Gulf of California (or "Sea of Cortés") on the eastern coastline. The Peninsula extends 1250 km (775 miles) from Mexicali of Baja California in the north to Cabo San Lucas of Baja California Sur in the south. The total area of the Baja California Peninsula is 143,396 km2 (55,365 square miles). The peninsula is connected to the mainland of Mexico on the east by a small northern band of land crossing the Colorado River in the Mexican state of Sonora. There are four main desert areas on the peninsula: the San Felipe Desert, the Central Coast Desert, the Vizcaíno Desert and the Magdalena Plain Desert.

Contents

History

In the minds of European explorers California existed as an idea before it was discovered. The earliest known mention of the idea of California was in the 1510 romance novel Las Sergas de Esplandián by Spanish author Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The book described the Island of California as being west of the Indies, "very close to the side of the Terrestrial Paradise; and it is peopled by black women, without any man among them, for they live in the manner of Amazons."

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