Bal Thackeray

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Balasaheb Keshav Thackeray (Marathi: बाळासाहेब केशव ठाकरे) (born 23 January 1926 in Pune, Maharashtra, India), popularly known as Balasaheb Thackeray, is a controversial Indian politician, founder and chief of the Shiv Sena (Hindu nationalist,[1] Marathi ethnocentric and populist party active mainly in the western Indian state of Maharashtra).

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Early life and career

Balasaheb Thackeray was born to Keshav Sitaram Thackeray (also known as Prabodhankar Thackeray in Balaghat, Madhya Pradesh because of his articles in his fortnightly magazine named Prabodhan or 'Enlightenment') in a lower-middle class family. Keshav Thackeray was a progressive social activist and writer who was against caste biases and played a key role in the Samyukta Maharashtra Chalwal (literally, United Maharashtra Movement) in the 1950s to form the Marathi-speaking state of Maharashtra with Mumbai as its capital.

Balasaheb Thackeray started his career as a cartoonist in the Free Press Journal in Mumbai in the 1950s. His cartoons were also published in the Sunday edition of The Times of India. In 1960, he launched a cartoon weekly Marmik with his brother. He used it to campaign against the growing influence of non-Marathi people in Mumbai targeting Gujaratis and South Indian labor workers.

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