Baldwin County, Georgia

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Baldwin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of 2000, the population was 44,700. The 2007 Census Estimate placed the population at 46,057.[1] The county seat is Milledgeville.[2]

Baldwin County is part of the Milledgeville Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes neighboring Hancock County.



Part of the land ceded by the Creek Nation in the Treaty of Fort Wilkinson in 1802 was used to create Baldwin County on May 11, 1803, by the Georgia General Assembly, the state's legislative body.

The land, west of the Oconee River, became Baldwin and Wilkinson Counties. The Treaty of Washington with the Creeks in 1805 extended the state's western boundary to the Ocmulgee River, and a legislative act on June 26, 1806, added some of this additional land to both Counties.

The state legislature subsequently passed an act on December 10, 1807 that created four new counties from Baldwin County's 1806 borders and expanded Baldwin to the east with land from Hancock and Washington Counties. The new counties were Morgan, Jones, Putnam, and present day Jasper (originally named Randolph County at the time of the act).

The county is named for Abraham Baldwin, a signer of the United States Constitution, U.S. congressman representing Georgia, and the founder of the University of Georgia.

The county seat of Milledgeville is the former state capital of Georgia (1804–1868). Also notable is the fact that other than Washington, it is the only planned capital city in the United States.

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