Ballston, New York

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Ballston is a town in Saratoga County, New York, USA. The population was 8,729 at the 2000 census. The name is derived from an early settler, Eliphalet Ball.

The Town of Ballston is in the south part of the County and is north of Schenectady.

Contents

History

The region was first settled around 1763. In 1775, the area became a District in Albany County.

In 1780, British forces attacked the northern part of the town and took captives back to Canada.

The area was originally called "Ball's Town" and "Ballton." The town was formed in 1785 while still in Albany County. The original owners of the town were the Mcdonald brothers. Eliphalet Ball bought the area of land from them and called it Ball's Town. Ball also paid the brothers 1 barrel of rum for the right to name the town after himself. Over time the name was shortened to Ballston.

Early settlers in this area feared attacks from Mohawks, who already inhabited the region and who resented the establishment of European buildings on their sacred grounds. One of Ballston's historic sites is Indian Rock, a large boulder where Mohawk tribesmen reputedly took white captives (children, in some cases) to torture and kill them.

Ballston Lake, a narrow, 3.7 mile-long lake in the south of the region, was called "Shanantaha" by natives. It was known to early white settlers as Long Lake. The lake was part of the Mohawk River during the glacial age and archeological digs have unearthed artifacts indicating settlement around the lake as early as 3,500 BCE.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 30.0 square miles (77.7 km²), of which, 29.6 square miles (76.7 km²) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km²) of it (1.33%) is water.

Part of the south town line is the border of Schenectady County, New York.

New York State Route 50 (Saratoga Road) is a north-south highway. New York State Route 67 is an east-west highway in the northeast part of Ballston.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 8,729 people, 3,243 households, and 2,425 families residing in the town. The population density was 294.8 people per square mile (113.8/km²). There were 3,388 housing units at an average density of 114.4/sq mi (44.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.49% White, 0.52% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.50% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.33% of the population.

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