Baltic languages

related topics
{language, word, form}
{area, part, region}
{land, century, early}
{group, member, jewish}
{law, state, case}
{math, number, function}
{war, force, army}

The Baltic languages are a group of related languages belonging to the Indo-European language family and spoken mainly in areas extending east and southeast of the Baltic Sea in Northern Europe. The language group is sometimes divided into two sub-groups: Western Baltic, containing only extinct languages, and Eastern Baltic, containing both extinct and the two living languages in the group: Lithuanian (including both Standard Lithuanian and Samogitian) and Latvian (including both literary Latvian and Latgalian). The range of Eastern Balts reached to the Ural mountains.[1][2][3] While related, the Lithuanian, the Latvian, and particularly the Old Prussian vocabularies differ substantially from one another and are not mutually intelligible. The now-extinct Old Prussian language has been considered the most archaic of the Baltic languages{[4]}.



Western Baltic languages †

Eastern Baltic languages

  • Latvian (~2 - 2.5 million speakers (~1.39 million native speakers, 0.5 - 1million ethnic Russian speakers, 0.15 million others)
    • Latgalian (150 thousand speakers; usually considered a dialect of Latvian, but has its own ISO 639-3 code ltg)
  • Lithuanian (~3.9 million speakers)
    • Samogitian (~0.5 million speakers; usually considered a dialect of Lithuanian)
  • Old Curonian † (sometimes considered Western Baltic)
    • New Curonian (nearly extinct; status as Eastern / Western Baltic is disputed)
  • Selonian
  • Semigallian
  • Golyad'- Голядь †

Full article ▸

related documents
Grammatical case
Standard Alphabet by Lepsius
Doric Greek
Longest word in English
Xhosa language
Indo-Aryan languages
Kazakh language
Kannada language
Article (grammar)
Comma (punctuation)
Hebrew phonology
Morphology (linguistics)
Ge'ez language
Elvish languages (Middle-earth)
Measure word
Latin grammar
Lexical category
List of linguistics topics
Afro-Asiatic languages
Hakka Chinese
Lingala language
Algonquian languages