Bardwell, Texas

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Bardwell is a city in Ellis County, Texas, United States. The population was 649 in 2009.

Contents

Geography

Bardwell is located at 32°16′3″N 96°41′42″W / 32.2675°N 96.695°W / 32.2675; -96.695 (32.267602, -96.695028)[3]. It is situated at the junction of State Highway 34 and FM 984 in southeastern Ellis County, approximately ten miles southeast of Waxahachie.[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.7 km²), all of it land.

History

The community was settled in the early 1880s when the town's namesake, John W. Bardwell, built a cotton gin one mile south of the present-day location. A school opened in 1892 and a post office was established in 1893.[5] When the Trinity and Brazos Valley Railway was routed through Ellis County in 1907, the gin and community were moved to the nearest stretch of track. The town had its own telephone system and electricity supplied by lines from Ennis in 1914. Bardwell prospered throughout the 1920s as a cotton shipping point with three gins and six grocery stores.[4] The population grew to 650 by 1929, but the Great Depression and a subsequent drought severely impacted the community. The main road was rerouted to the new State Highway 34 in the early 1940s and most of Bardwell's businesses either closed or moved to sites along the highway. In 1958, Bardwell's school consolidated with nearby Ennis. After dropping to a low of 277 during the 1970s, the population began to grow. By 1990, 387 people lived in Bardwell. That figure had grown to 583 by 2000.[5]

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 583 people, 167 households, and 139 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,093.7 people per square mile (803.9/km²). There were 176 housing units at an average density of 632.1/sq mi (242.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 61.58% White, 17.50% African American, 1.37% Native American, 18.52% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 47.51% of the population.

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