Barnard, Vermont

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Barnard /ˈbɑrnərd/ is a town in Windsor County, Vermont, United States. The population was 958 at the 2000 census.



The town was chartered on July 17, 1761 by a New Hampshire Grant and named after the second-listed grantee of the town (as well as five others) Sir Francis Bernard, 1st Baronet and since 1760 Governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. The town's name was changed to Barnard some time before 1810. Obviously people meanwhile preferred their town not to be associated with a representative of the British crown and rigid enforcer of her policies.[3]

In 1928, Nobel Prize winning novelist Sinclair Lewis bought Connett Place with a total 300 acres (1.2 km2) and adjacent Chase Farm. He named the property Twin Farms and used it as a vacation house during the 1930s and 1940s with his wife Dorothy Thompson.[4]

Thirteen years later in 1941, German playwright Carl Zuckmayer, a refugee from Nazi Germany whom Dorothy Thompson had helped to get into the US, rented Backwoods Farm, with its farmhouse from 1783 nowadays owned by Hannah Kahn[5] and a total 180 acres (0.73 km2), from Joseph Ward (of Maynes & Ward hardware store on Main Street in Woodstock, Vermont) for 50 dollars a month. Zuckmayer worked this property as a farmer until 1946 and wrote the play Des Teufels General (The Devil's General) there. His autobiography "A part of myself" (1966) deals extensively with these years. Zuckmayer's wife Alice Herdan-Zuckmayer also wrote a memoir of their time in Barnard: "The Farm in the Green Mountains" (Die Farm in den grünen Bergen).[6]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 48.9 square miles (126.6 km2): 48.7 square miles (126.1 km2) are land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km2) water.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 958 people, 383 households, and 276 families residing in the town. The population density was 19.7 people per square mile (7.6/km2). There were 629 housing units at an average density of 12.9/sq mi (5.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.43% White, 0.42% Hispanic or Latino, 0.31% Asian and 1.04% from two or more races.

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