Barnwell County, South Carolina

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Barnwell County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. The 2000 census recorded its population to be 23,478, while a 2005 the U.S. Census Bureau estimated that its population had reached 23,345.[1] Its county seat is Barnwell.[2]



According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 557 square miles (1,442.6 km2), of which 548 square miles (1,419.3 km2) is land and 9 square miles (23.3 km2) (1.59%) is water.

Adjacent Counties


The Barnwell District was created in 1798 (effective in 1800) from the southwestern portion of the Orangeburg District, along the Savannah River. It was named after John Barnwell, a local figure in the Revolutionary War.[3]

In 1868, under the South Carolina Constitution revised during Reconstruction, South Carolina districts became counties, with officials elected by male citizens at least 21-years old,[4] rather than by state officials as done previously. In 1871 the northwestern portion of the county was taken to form part of the new Aiken County. In 1874 the border with Aiken County was adjusted slightly. In 1897 the eastern third of the county was taken to form the new Bamberg County. In 1919 most of the southern half of the county was taken to form most of the new Allendale County, thus bringing Barnwell county down to its present size.


As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 23,478 people, 9,021 households, and 6,431 families residing in the county. The population density was 43 people per square mile (17/km²). There were 10,191 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 55.18% White, 42.55% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.78% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. 1.39% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

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