Barrington Hills, Illinois

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Barrington Hills is a village located about 40 miles (64 km) northwest of Chicago in the U.S. state of Illinois. It straddles approximately 29 square miles (75 km2) over four counties, Cook, Kane, Lake, and McHenry. The population was 3,915 at the 2000 census.[3] The Village of Barrington Hills was incorporated in 1957.

Contents

Overview

The rural-suburban area is part of the greater Barrington area and many affluent residents live there on large estates within commuting distance of Chicago. There is a minimum 5-acre (2.0 ha) zoning restriction on building houses and both farming and horse raising are allowed.

Homes are on individual septic system and water wells. The Zoning Ordinance of the Village was adopted in 1963 but the existence of equestrian farms predate the Village by decades.

The Village is home to Hill 'N Dale Farms, belonging to Richard L. Duchossois, owner of the Arlington Park racetrack, Bill McGinley's Horizon Farm and Fitzgerald's Bank Note Farm. The community's identification with horses can be seen in names like Broncos and Colts for school teams, stores catering to saddlery and riding outfits, and subdivisions with street names such as Steeplechase and Surrey Court.

History

Good farmland and abundant water supplies attracted settlers Jesse Miller and William Van Orsdal in 1834. In the early 1840s, other farm families arrived, including German, English, and Irish immigrants, and formed a town near present-day Sutton Road and Illinois Route 68. Initially called Miller's Grove, the community was later named Barrington Center.[4][5] In August 1853, Otto Helm purchased 40 acres (16 ha) of land along a roadway that still bears his family name. The family names of other earlier settlers continue to be used for Bateman, Hart, Haeger's, Hawley and Otis Roads. Farmers brought their crops to nearby markets on the Fox River in East Dundee. By the late nineteenth century, dairy farmers supplied a local cheese factory.

Barrington Center Church was built in 1853 and used as an army recruiting station during the American Civil War.[6] A memorial plaque outside the church lists 91 area residents - one woman and 90 men - who served in the Civil War.[4] Since the 1980s, the church building has been used by a Korean congregation, the New Friends Wesleyan Church.

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