Bartow County, Georgia

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Bartow County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2000 census, the population was 76,019[1]. According to the U.S. Census Bureau's July 1, 2009 estimate, the county's explosive growth resulted in a population of 96,217[2], a 26.5% increase in less than ten years. The county seat is Cartersville.[3]

Bartow County is included in the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta Metropolitan Statistical Area. It has a Sole Commissioner government, and is the largest county with a sole commissioner.

Contents

History

Bartow County was created from the Cherokee lands of the Cherokee County territory on December 3, 1832, and named Cass County, after General Lewis Cass (1782–1866) Secretary of War under President Jackson, Minister to France and Secretary of State under President Buchannan [4], until renamed on December 6, 1861 in honor of Francis S. Bartow. The original county seat was at Cassville, but after the burning of the county courthouse and the Sherman Occupation the seat moved to Cartersville, where it now remains.

The county was profoundly affected by the Civil War, setting it back economically for many decades. May 18 and 19, 1864, General Thomas led the Army of the Cumberland after General Hardee's Corps of the Army of Tennessee, and General McPherson led his Federal Army of the Tennessee flanking Hardee's army to the west. This huge army was disruptive and sought food. Elements were out of control and sacked homes depleting meager supplies.[5]

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