Basil Valentine

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Basil Valentine is the Anglicised version of the name Basilius Valentinus, who was a 15th-century alchemist. He was the Canon of the Benedictine Priory of Sankt Peter in Erfurt, Germany. Many of the details of his life and career are obscure; even his name cannot be corroborated; during the 18th century it was suggested that he was Johann Thölde. The year given for his birth in Mainz, 1394, is also uncertain.

Valentine showed that ammonia could be obtained by the action of alkalis on sal-ammoniac, and how hydrochloric acid could be produced from acidifying brine.


Basilius Valentinus wrote dozens of important publications on alchemy in Latin and German. They have been translated into many European languages, including English, French, Russian and others.

  • Currus Triumphalis Antimonii (The triumphal chariot of antimony)
  • Duodecim Claves philosophicæ (The twelve philosophical keys)
  • Porta sophica
  • The Medicine of Metals
  • Of things natural and supernatural
  • Of the first tincture, root and spirit of metals
  • De microcosmo deque magno mundi mysterio, et medicina hominis, (Of the microcosm, of the great secrecy of the world, and the human medicine)
  • Libri quattuor de particularibus septem planetarum, (Book four: Of the features of the seven planets)
  • Experimenta chymica
  • Practica
  • Azoth
  • Compendium veritatis philosophicum (German)
  • Last will and testament

Valentine had connections to the esoteric Freemasonry as his work Azoth proves (VA05, REBIS with the freemasonry square and compasses in the hands). Behind his works stood the secret knowledge of spiritual alchemy, the Opus Magnum.

External links


  • Paracelsus article by Alan G. Hefner
  • Waite, Arthur Edward (1992). Secret Tradition in Alchemy. Kessinger Publishing. ISBN 0922802831. 

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