Basketball Hall of Fame

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The Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, located in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States, honors exceptional basketball players, coaches, referees, executives, and other major contributors to the game.

Named after James Naismith, the inventor of basketball, the Basketball Hall of Fame is dedicated to preserve and promote basketball at all levels and serve as the ultimate library of the sport's history. To date, it has honored 295 individuals and eight teams.

Contents

Building

The Naismith Hall of Fame was established in 1959 by Lee Williams, a former athletic director at Colby College, and opened its first public facility at Springfield College in Springfield, Massachusetts in 1968. A new building off-campus was opened near downtown Springfield in 1985.

In 2002 a new $45 million, 80,000 square foot (7,400 m²) building designed by New York City architects Gwathmey Siegel & Associates was opened next door replacing the previous facility.[1]

Inside the building, there is a game gallery and an honor ring of all of the inductees. A theater for the ceremonies throughout the year seats up to 300.

Criteria for induction

In contrast to the Pro Football and the Baseball Halls of Fame,[citation needed] the Naismith Hall honors international professionals and American and international amateurs in addition to American professionals. It employs four screening committees to identify prospective nominees: one each for American candidates, female candidates, international candidates, and veterans candidates.

Individuals who receive at least five votes from a seven-member screening committee in a given year advance to an Honors Committee, composed of 12 members who vote on each candidate and rotating groups of 12 specialists (one group for female candidates, one group for international candidates, and one group for American and veterans candidates); any individual receiving at least 18 affirmative votes (75 percent of all votes cast) from the Honors Committee is approved for induction into the Hall of Fame. Advancement to the Honors Committee is generally pro forma, although the Hall's Board of Trustees may remove any candidate who "has damaged the integrity of the game of basketball" from consideration.[2]

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