Bass fishing

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Bass fishing is the activity of angling for the North American gamefish known colloquially as the black bass. There are numerous black bass species considered as gamefish in North America, including largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides), smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieui), Spotted bass or Kentucky bass (Micropterus punctatus), Guadalupe bass (Micropterus treculii), and many other species and subspecies of the genus Micropterus. Though referred to as bass, all are actually members of the sunfish family (Centrarchidae: order Perciformes).

Modern bass fishing has evolved into a multi-billion dollar industry[1] The sport has changed drastically since its beginnings in the late 19th century. From humble beginnings, the black bass has become the second most specifically sought-after game fish in the United States. The sport has driven the development of all manner of fishing gear, including rods, reels, lines, lures, electronic depth and fish-finding instruments, drift boats, float tubes, and specialized bass boats.

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The sport

All black bass are well-known as strong fighters, and are fished recreationally. Depending upon species and various other factors such as water quality and availability of food, black bass may be found in lakes, reservoirs, ponds, rivers, streams, creeks, even roadside ditches. Largemouth are known for their overall size and resistance when hooked, favoring short, powerful runs and escape to cover such as submerged logs or weedbeds.[2] Largemouth bass are known for their wild jumps while Smallmouth bass are generally accepted as the hardest fighting black bass, pound for pound. Smallmouth bass tend to jump more and fight aggressively on the surface when hooked, in order to throw the hook. Large mouth bass tend to go after topwater and dark colored plastic worms. All bass are scent as well as visual predators so care should be taken to ensure no foreign scents, like tobacco, contaminate soft plastics. Largemouth bass anglers tend to catch and release. Bass are usually fileted when taken for the table, and the flesh is white and firm, with a delicate taste when cooked. Largemouth are not generally used for food because the meat has little taste. Largemouth bass offer the best striking ability of all bass and usually give the fisherman the most action.[3] However, more bass anglers are adopting "catch and release" angling where the bass are returned to the water after being hooked and retrieved.

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