Battle of Berestechko

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Zhovti Vody – Korsun – Starokostiantyniv – Pyliavtsi – Mazyr – Loyev – Zbarazh – Zboriv – Krasne – Kopychyntsi – Berestechko – 2nd Loyev – Bila Tserkva – Batih – Zhvanets

The Battle of Berestechko (Polish: Bitwa pod Beresteczkiem; Ukrainian: Берестецька битва) was fought between rebellious Zaporozhian Cossacks, led by Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky, aided by their Crimean Tatar allies, and a Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth army under King John II Casimir. It was the largest land battle of 17th century.

Lasting from June 28 to June 30, 1651, it took place in Volhynia. The number of Polish troops is uncertain. Duke Bogusław Radziwiłł (one of the Polish commanders) wrote that the Polish army had had 80,000 soldiers.[4] Modern historians Zbigniew Wójcik, Józef Gierowski, and Władysław Czapliński estimate that the Polish army had 60,000-63,000 soldiers.[5] The Cossacks had around 100,000 plus 40,000 Crimean Tatar cavalry and a few thousand Turks and Vlachs. Both sides had about 40,000 cavalry each. Fighting was close, with the core of excellent Cossack infantry making up for the weakness of their cavalry; much of the decisive fighting was by the infantry and dismounted dragoons of each side.

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