Berkshire, New York

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Berkshire is a town in Tioga County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, it had a population of 1,366. The town is named after Berkshire County, Massachusetts.

The Town of Berkshire is in the northeast part of the county and is northwest of Binghamton, NY.

Contents

History

Purchase rights to the Native American lands in the area were awarded to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts as part of the Boston Ten Townships, by the Treaty of Hartford in 1786. (New York retained the right to govern the land.) Massachusetts sold these rights to private individuals in 1788.

The first settlers arrived around 1791. It was originally called "Browns Settlement."

The Town of Berkshire was established in 1808 from the Town of Union while in Broome County. In 1822, Berkshire was made part of Tioga County. The Town of Newark Valley, as the "Town of Westfield," was created from part of Berkshire in 1828. An additional part of Berkshire was lost in 1831, to found the Town of Richford, then called "Arlington."

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 30.2 square miles (78.3 km²), of which, 30.2 square miles (78.2 km²) of it is land and 0.03% is water.

The east town line of Berkshire is the border of Broome County, and part of the west town line is the border of Tompkins County.

New York State Route 38 is a north-south highway in the town.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,366 people, 506 households, and 384 families residing in the town. The population density was 45.2 people per square mile (17.5/km²). There were 561 housing units at an average density of 18.6/sq mi (7.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.76% White, 0.37% African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.07% Asian, and 0.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.37% of the population.

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