Bernardsville, New Jersey

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Bernardsville (pronounced /ˈbɜrnərdzvɪl/) is a borough in Somerset County, New Jersey, United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the borough population is 7,345.

Bernardsville was incorporated as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 6, 1924, from portions of Bernards Township, based on the results of a referendum held on April 29, 1924.[7]

Part of the borough was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as Olcott Avenue Historic District in 2009.

Contents

History

Bernardsville was originally a section of Bernards Township known as Vealtown. In 1840, Vealtown became Bernardsville, named after Sir Francis Bernard, Colonial governor of New Jersey from 1758 to 1760. Nestled in the northern most part of Somerset County, just 12 miles (19 km) south of Morristown, this rustic community sits in some of the last vestiges of the Great Eastern Forest.

During the American Revolutionary War, General Charles Lee rested his troops in Vealtown around the night of 12 to 13 December 1776. General Lee and some of his guard spent the night about 3 miles (5 km) SE at White's Inn on the SE side of Basking Ridge, NJ, near the manor house of Lord Stirling (American General William Alexander). On the morning of 13 Dec 1776, General Lee was captured by the British and removed to New York.[8]

After the Civil War, many wealthy and prominent New Yorkers moved into the area, first as summer visitors, then as permanent residents of the Bernardsville Mountain.

The Gladstone Branch railroad line was built through Bernardsville in 1872 and played an important role in the borough's development. Bernardsville did not become an independent municipality until 1924, when it split from Bernards Township.

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