Birmingham Small Arms Company

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The Birmingham Small Arms Company (BSA) is a British based airgun and shotgun manufacturer. BSA is a former manufacturer of military and sporting firearms; bicycles; motorcycles; cars; buses and bodies; steel; iron castings; hand, power, and machine tools; coal cleaning and handling plants; sintered metals; and hard chrome process.

At its peak, BSA was the largest motorcycle producer in the world. Loss of sales and poor investments in new products in the motorcycle division, which included Triumph Motorcycles, led to problems for the whole group.

Contents

History

Specifically to manufacture guns by machinery, BSA was founded in June 1861 in the Gun Quarter, Birmingham in England by fourteen gunsmiths of the Birmingham Small Arms Trade Association who had supplied arms to the British government during the Crimean War. The Government-owned ordnance factories had introduced machinery made in the USA into their factories on the outbreak of the Crimean War in 1854, which greatly increased output and reduced the reliance on skilled craftsmen in the production of military firearms. Thus the balance had moved against the Birmingham gunsmiths.[1]

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