Bishop, Texas

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Bishop is a city in Nueces County, Texas, United States. The population was 3,305 at the 2000 census, but decreased to 3,126 by 2009.[3] Located on U.S. Highway 77 and Farm-to-Market Road 70, Bishop is located just eight miles north of Kingsville and about thirty miles southwest of Corpus Christi.[4]

Contents

History

Bishop is a very small town in south Texas, Bishop was a planned town from its beginning. In 1910, F.Z. Bishop, an insurance agent turned promoter, acquired 2,300 acres (9 km²) of land in South Texas along the railroad line and laid out a model community surrounded by farm tracts.

Bishop laid out zoned business, industrial and residential districts and built a water and power system. In just two years, the town grew to a population of 1,200. Bishop closed his operation as World War I started. He had sold more than 80,000 acres (324 km²) of land and established a prosperous community.

The city was built on agriculture as its economic mainstay. The economy is also bolstered by a large chemical plant opened in 1945 by Celanese Corporation of America.

Geography

Bishop is located at 27°35′7″N 97°47′58″W / 27.58528°N 97.79944°W / 27.58528; -97.79944 (27.585178, -97.799437)[5].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.4 square miles (6.1 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 3,305 people, 1,132 households, and 868 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,394.1 people per square mile (538.4/km²). There were 1,269 housing units at an average density of 535.3/sq mi (206.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.11% White, 0.97% African American, 0.57% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 11.71% from other races, and 2.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 60.00% of the population.

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