Bloomsbury

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Coordinates: 51°31′34″N 0°07′04″W / 51.5262°N 0.1178°W / 51.5262; -0.1178

Bloomsbury is an area of central London between Euston Road and Holborn, developed by the Russell family in the 17th and 18th centuries into a fashionable residential area. It is notable for its array of garden squares,[1] literary connections (exemplified by the Bloomsbury Group), and numerous hospitals and academic institutions.

While Bloomsbury was not the first area of London to have acquired a formal square, Bloomsbury Square, laid out in 1660 by Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton as Southampton Square, was the first square to be named as such.[2]

Bloomsbury is home to the British Museum, the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, and the British Medical Association. It is also home to the University of London's Senate House Library, its central departments (including the School of Advanced Study), and several of its colleges (University College London, Birkbeck, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, School of Pharmacy, School of Oriental and African Studies and the Royal Veterinary College).

Notable hospitals include Great Ormond Street Hospital, the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, University College Hospital and the Royal London Homoeopathic Hospital. Bloomsbury was formerly home to the British Library, housed within the British Museum; the Library moved in 1997 to larger premises nearby, next to St Pancras railway station in Somers Town.

It comes under the authority of the London Borough of Camden, and is in the Parliamentary constituency of Holborn and St Pancras.

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