Blue Mountains National Park

related topics
{island, water, area}
{water, park, boat}
{area, part, region}
{line, north, south}

The Blue Mountains National Park is a national park in New South Wales, Australia, 81 km west of Sydney, and located in the Blue Mountains region of the Great Dividing Range. The park covers 267,954 hectares, and the boundary of the park is quite irregular as it is broken up by roads, urban areas and inholdings. Despite the name 'mountains', the area is an uplifted plateau, dissected by a number of larger rivers. The highest point in the park is Mount Werong (1,215 m), while the low point is on the Nepean River (20 m) as it leaves the park.

Contents

History

The genesis of the national park was a proposal by early conservationist Myles Dunphy for a Greater Blue Mountains National Park in 1932. This included large areas of what are today the Blue Mountains National Park, Wollemi National Park, Kanangra-Boyd National Park, Nattai National Park along with other smaller National Parks. In 1959 the Blue Mountains National Park was declared.[1] In 2000 it was included as part of the Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area.

Geography

The Blue Mountains National Park lies on the eastern side of the Great Dividing Range. The plateau slopes gently down from west to east from a height of around 1,100 m near Mt Victoria to less than 200 m around Glenbrook. There are four major rivers that have most of their catchment inside the park: the Wollangambe River in the north, the Grose River in the centre, and the Coxs and Wollondilly Rivers in the south. The latter two flow into Warragamba Dam, which is located just outside the park and is the major source of drinking water for Sydney. All of the major rivers flow from west to east. The Blue Mountains are part of the Great Dividing Range.

Geology

Structurally, the Blue Mountains are part of the greater Sydney Basin. The Sydney Basin consists of layers of sedimentary rocks laid down over the past 300 million years. The Blue Mountains were formed during this time by earth movements which uplifted the western part of the basin. More recently, volcanic flows covered large areas of the mountains in basalt. These have largely worn away, leaving only occasional outcrops on the high peaks.

Tourism

The Blue Mountains National Park is one of the most popular in Australia. The majority of tourists to the Blue Mountains see the National Park from one of the many lookouts between Wentworth Falls and Blackheath, and many of these never actually set foot in the park. Activities for the visitor include short walks to lookouts above cliffs and waterfalls, overnight and longer walks to more remote areas of the park, canyoning, and mountain biking.

Full article ▸

related documents
Narawntapu National Park
Bald Rock National Park
Pribilof Islands
Namadgi National Park
Rügen
Baie des Chaleurs
IJsselmeer
Geography of Croatia
Geography of Western Sahara
Frobisher Bay
Andaman Sea
Oosterschelde
Klyuchevskaya Sopka
Old Bedford River
Sayan Mountains
Great Victoria Desert
New England National Park
Lake Nicaragua
Bassas da India
Naracoorte Caves National Park
Ardennes
Microclimate
Extreme weather
Archean
Geography of Djibouti
Cabot Strait
River Ouse, Sussex
County Antrim
List of islands of Greece
Black Forest