Bobby Seale

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Robert George "Bobby" Seale[1] (born October 22, 1936), is an American civil rights activist, who along with Huey P. Newton, co-founded the Black Panthers on October 15, 1966.


Early life

Seale was one of the three children born to his mother, a homemaker, and his father, a carpenter, in the segregated American South of Dallas, Texas.[2] After moving to various places within Texas, his family relocated to Oakland, California during World War II. Seale attended Oakland High but dropped out and joined the U.S. Air Force. He spent three years in the Air Force before being dishonorably discharged for disobeying orders given to him by a colonel at Ellsworth Air Force Base in South Dakota.[2] Upon his arrival back in Oakland, Seale began working at different aerospace plants as a sheet metal mechanic, and attending night school to earn his high school diploma.

In 1962, at the age of 25, Seale began attending Oakland City College, located on Grove Street, near the Berkeley city limits, where he would join the Afro-American Association, (AAA) and as a result meet Huey Newton, later his co-founder of the Black Panther Party. Seale and co-member Newton became increasingly skeptical about the direction of the AAA, and in particular, the AAA's tendency to analyze rather than act on the problems facing black Americans.

Black Panther

Atlantic slave trade · Maafa
Slavery in the United States
Military history of African Americans
Jim Crow laws · Redlining
Great Migration
Civil Rights Movements 1896–1954 and
Second Great Migration

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