Bonham, Texas

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Bonham is a city in Fannin County, Texas, United States. The population was 9,990 at the 2000 census, and 10,527 in 2009.[3] It is the county seat of Fannin County.[4] James Bonham (the city's namesake) sought the aid of James Fannin (the county's namesake) at the Battle of the Alamo.



Bonham is located at 33°35′2″N 96°10′54″W / 33.58389°N 96.18167°W / 33.58389; -96.18167 (33.583772, -96.181801).[5]

The city is centrally located in Fannin County in Northeastern Texas, about 25 km south of Oklahoma and has a total area of 9.4 square miles (24.2 km²), with negligible water cover. The distance to Dallas in the Southeast is about 68 miles (110 km).


Bonham, one of the oldest cities in Texas, dates back to the year 1837 when Bailey Inglish built a two-story block house named Fort Inglish. It was located about 2 miles from the current downtown. Inglish and other acquaintances settled there in the summer of 1837 and the settlement was named Bois D'Arc. In 1843, the Congress of the Republic of Texas assigned the name Bloomington to the city, but finally renamed it Bonham, in honor of James Butler Bonham, a hero and defender of the Alamo. On February 2, 1848, Bonham was incorporated as a city.

After the connection to the Texas and Pacific Railway the city began to grow and in 1885 there were six churches, three colleges, two public schools, three weekly newspapers, a saw mill, two grain mills, a power plant and 2300 inhabitants. 1890 saw the addition of streetcars, an ice plant, and the opening of the Texas Power and Light Company, a utility provider to the area. In 1925, the city was connected to natural gas lines.

During the Second World War, there was a training camp and an aviation school for the US Air Force in the vicinity of Bonham, as well as a prisoner-of-war camp for Germans and German soldiers. Parts of the camp can still be visited today.


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