Book of Jeremiah

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The Book of Jeremiah, or Jeremiah (יִרְמְיָהוּ Yirməyāhū in Hebrew), is part of the Hebrew Bible, Judaism's Tanakh, and later became a part of Christianity's Old Testament. It was originally written in a complex and poetic Hebrew (apart from verse 10:11, curiously written in Biblical Aramaic), recording the words and events surrounding the life of the Jewish prophet Jeremiah who lived at the time of the destruction of Solomon's Temple (587/6 BC) in Jerusalem during the fall of the Kingdom of Judah at the hands of Babylonia.


Sections of the Book

The sections of the book can be divided into roughly 6 sections[1] and uses poetic, narrative, and biographical genres that are interspersed throughout the book [2]. The breakdown of sections is as follows:

Chapters 1-25 (The earliest and main core of Jeremiah's message) Chapters 26-29 (Biographic material and interaction with other prophets) Chapters 30-33 (God's promise of restoration) Chapters 34-45 (Mostly interaction with Zedekiah and the fall of Jerusalem) Chapters 46-51 (Divine punishment to the nations surrounding Israel) Chapter 52 (Appendix that retells 2 Kings 24.18-25.30)

The Prophet Jeremiah

According to the book, the Prophet Jeremiah was a son of a priest from Anatot in the land of Benjamin, who lived in the last years of the Kingdom of Judah just prior to, during, and immediately after the siege of Jerusalem, culminating in the destruction of Solomon's Temple and the raiding of the city by Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. According to the book, for a quarter century prior to the destruction, Jeremiah repeatedly issued prophecies predicting God's forthcoming judgment; advocating the Israelites put down their idols and repent in hopes of turning away God's judgment and fulfilling their destiny as his chosen people. Jeremiah's fellow Israelites refused to heed his warnings and did not repent. His efforts failed and he witnessed the destruction of everything he knew, the exile of the Israelite elite to Babylonia, and the fleeing of the remainder to Egypt.

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