Book of Micah

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The Book of Micah is the sixth book of the twelve minor prophets in the Hebrew and Christian Bible.

Contents

Authorship

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Micah of Moresheth (most likely the same city as Moresheth-Gath, mentioned in Micah) prophesied during the days of King Hezekiah of Judah. This paraphrase of Jeremiah 26:18 contains practically everything we know of the Prophet himself. Moresheth-Gath was most likely a small town in southwestern Judah[citation needed]. Some scholars[who?] argue over how much of the book of Micah can be attributed to Micah himself. There is general consensus[citation needed] that the majority of chapters 1–3 are in fact Micah’s own (excluding 2:12–13). The remaining passages are seen by some as redactions. This will be further argued in the section on controversy.

However some Old Testament scholars, for example Dr Bruce Waltke in IVP`s 'New Bible Commentary', defend Micah's authorship of the entire book.

Date of composition

Micah was active in Judah from before the fall of Samaria (1:2–7) in 722 BCE; he lived under king Ahaz (735–715 BCE) and king Hezekiah (715–687), and (apparently) experienced the devastation brought on by Senacherib’s invasion of Judah (701 BCE). The heading of the book (1:1) also adds the name of king Jotham (742–735 BCE). This would make Micah active from 742 (at earliest) to 701 (at latest) BCE. The message in Micah 1:2–9 was given before the destruction of Samaria in 721. The appeal of Jeremiah's supporters to the prophecy of Micah confirms his connection with Hezekiah: "And some of the land arose and said to all the assembled people, Micah of Moresheth prophesied during the days of Hezekiah king of Judah" (Jeremiah 26:17).

Setting

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