Boone County, Missouri

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Boone County is a county centrally located in the U.S. state of Missouri. It is the eighth most populous county in Missouri. In 2008, the population was 154,365.[1] Its county seat, Columbia, is the fifth largest city in Missouri and the anchor city of the Columbia Metropolitan Area.



Boone County was organized on November 16, 1820, from a portion of the territorial Howard County. The area was known as Boone's Lick Country, because of a salt lick which sons of Daniel Boone relied on for their stock.

While considered Midwestern in modern times, Boone County was settled primarily from migrants from the Upper South states of Kentucky, Tennessee and Virginia. They brought slaves and slaveholding traditions with them, and quickly started cultivating crops similar to those in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky: hemp and tobacco. Boone was one of several counties settled mostly by southerners to the north and south of the Missouri River. Given their culture and traditions, this area became known as Little Dixie and Boone was at its heart.[3] In 1860 slaves made up 25 percent or more of the county's population.[4]


As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 135,454 people, 53,094 households, and 31,378 families residing in the county. The population density was 198 people per square mile (76/km²). There were 56,678 housing units at an average density of 83 per square mile (32/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 85.43% White, 8.54% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 2.96% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.69% from other races, and 1.93% from two or more races. 1.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.6% claimed German, 12.3% American, 11.2% English and 9.8% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

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