Braşov

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Brașov (Romanian pronunciation: [braˈʃov]; German: Kronstadt; Hungarian: Brassó; Medieval Latin: Brassovia or Corona; 1950–1960: Oraşul Stalin) is a city in Romania and the capital of Braşov County.

According to the last Romanian census, from 2002, there were 284,596 people living within the city of Braşov, making it the 8th most populated city in Romania.

Braşov is located in the central part of the country, about 166 km north from Bucharest. It is surrounded by the Southern Carpathians, and is part of the Transylvania region.

The city is notable for being the birthplace of the national anthem of Romania and for hosting the Golden Stag International Music Festival.

Contents

Etymology

The city was first attested in 13th century (1235 AD) under the name Corona, a Latin word meaning "crown", a name given by the German colonists. Brasov is a Romanian-Slavic name [2] and Vasile Oltean affirms about the toponym Braşov:[3]„In a work from 1933, Nicolae Drăganu notices how widespread is the name Braşov in our country: as a village in the commune Ileni, in the commune Rodj from judeţul Timiş in 15th century and the hydronym Braşovana in Neamţ county, near Vaslui, Izvorul Braşovului near Buzău and Braşoviţa near Ialomiţa River.

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