Braddock Heights, Maryland

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Braddock Heights is a census-designated place (CDP) in Frederick County, Maryland, United States. The population was 4,627 at the 2000 census. Braddock Heights is part of the Middletown, Maryland School District. The local post codes are 21714 (Post Office boxes only) and 21703.



Braddock Heights is located at an elevation of 950 feet (290 m) atop Braddock Mountain (as Catoctin Mountain is locally known) near the pass at Braddock Springs, so named after British General Edward Braddock and Lt. Colonel George Washington’s use of the mountain pass on their way to Fort Duquesne during the French and Indian War on April 29, 1755. During the Civil War, Braddock Heights was the site of a minor cavalry battle between generals J.E.B. Stuart (CSA) and Alfred Pleasonton (USA) on September 13, 1862; it was at that time known as Fairview Pass. One mile east of Braddock Heights, near the base of Braddock Mountain, are the older communities of Clifton and Old Braddock.

The picturesque view of the city of Frederick from Old Braddock—also known as Fairview, elevation 550 feet (170 m)—was the inspiration for Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. to record in his 1862 journal:

This journal entry was in turn an inspiration for Holmes' close friend John Greenleaf Whittier when composing the famous civil war poem Barbara Fritchie.

Braddock Pass is near the locations at which Interstate 70 and the National Pike (U.S. Route 40) cross Catoctin Mountain. Braddock Heights was founded in 1896 by George William Smith as a summer resort community that eventually included several hotels, a community pool, a wooden floor skating rink, an amusement park, scenic overlooks, nature trails, and until 1980, a small ski resort. Braddock Heights has been host to many national political figures including Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., Edwin Warfield, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Earl Warren, Ethel Kennedy, and (then) Senator Richard Nixon.

Braddock Heights was one of the first modern planned communities in the United States,[citation needed] and custom housing development has continued since 1901. Braddock Heights is now known for its eclectic houses (no two are alike) and its scenic views of Frederick and the Monocacy and Middletown valleys. Following the end of World War II and the decline of the amusement park, Braddock Heights’ demographic changed from commercial summer boarding houses to that of an unincorporated community with permanent residents.

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