Breese, Illinois

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Breese is a city in Clinton County, Illinois, United States. The population was 4,048 at the 2000 census of which the majority are of German ancestry.



The town is named after Sidney Breese, a United States Senator and a contemporary of President Abraham Lincoln.[1] Breese was founded in 1855.

The first settlers arrived around 1816. Growth was slow because of diseases due to undrained land, causing local residents to erect crosses on their properties in hopes of protecting their families<[1]>. Real growth began in 1855, upon the arrival of the Mississippi and Ohio Railroad[citation needed].

Breese is a former sundown town[2].


Breese is located at 38°36′37″N 89°31′36″W / 38.61028°N 89.52667°W / 38.61028; -89.52667 (38.610317, -89.526705).[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.3 square miles (6.0 km²), of which, 2.3 square miles (5.9 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (1.30%) is water.

Breese is located on US Route 50.


As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 4,048 people, 1,513 households, and 1,078 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,779.1 people per square mile (685.5/km²). There were 1,573 housing units at an average density of 691.3/sq mi (266.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.57% White, 0.10% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.54% from other races, and 0.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.28% of the population.

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