Brentwood, New York

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Brentwood is a hamlet of the Town of Islip in Suffolk County, New York. According to the 2000 Census, the population of Brentwood is 53,917[1].

The colony was established on March 21, 1851, on 750 acres (3 km²) of land on Long Island, New York, by Josiah Warren and Stephen Pearl Andrews. It was initially known as Modern Times and later renamed Brentwood after the village of Brentwood, Essex, in England.

Contents

Geography

Brentwood is located at 40°46′54″N 73°14′39″W / 40.78167°N 73.24417°W / 40.78167; -73.24417 (40.781805, -73.244060)[2].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 10.1 square miles (26.1 km²).

History

By contract, all the land (750 acres) was bought and sold at cost, with 3 acres (12,000 m2) being the maximum allowable lot size. The community was said to be based on the idea of individual sovereignty and individual responsibility. Individuals were encouraged to pursue their self-interest as they saw fit. All products of labor were considered private property. The community had a local private currency based upon labor exchange in order to trade goods and services (see Mutualism). All land was private property, with the exception of alleys which were initially considered common property but later converted to private property. Initially, no system of authority existed in the colony; there were no courts, jails or police. This appears to have given some credence to Warren's theories that the most significant cause of violence in society was most attributable to policies and law which did not allow complete individuality in person and property. However, the modest population of the colony might be considered a factor in this characteristic. The Civil War, as well as a gradual infiltration into the community by those that did not share the same libertarian and economic philosophy, is said to have contributed to its eventual dissolution. Modern Times is now known as Brentwood. Almost all of the original buildings that existed in Modern Times have been destroyed.

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