Brewton, Alabama

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Brewton is a city in Escambia County, Alabama, United States. At the 2000 census the population was 5,498. The city is the county seat of Escambia County.

Contents

History

Brewton as a city is young in years, yet its region has been touched by many hallmarks of modern American history. Its hinterland was long the home to a variety of native American societies, while mid-16th century Spanish explorers Hernando de Soto and Don Tristán de Luna y Arellano marched their forces nearby. Through the centuries a huge forest of virgin yellow pine filled millions of available acres.

Brewton's American origins began with the Treaty of Paris of 1783, which established the boundaries of the new United States, made Florida a Spanish territory, and confirmed what became Mississippi and Alabama which was created as a homeland for Upper and Lower Creeks, Choctaw, Cherokees and other tribes.

Into the 1790s land hungry Georgia settlers sought new lands, pressing into tempting agricultural sites near the future Brewton. The Creeks and others resisted, and their chief, Alexander McGillivray, sought aid from the recently elected American President George Washington. The United States attempted to help, but it could not stem the settler invasion. The area became the Mississippi territory in 1799. In 1817 Mississippi became a state and the Alabama territory was created. Alabama became the 22nd state two years later. Into the 19th century farm settlements were begun, with names like Mason, Belleville, Sparta and Brooklyn. Their residents began the region’s first trade, building a road and using the river to deal with the Spanish at Pensacola. There was sporadic Indian-settler violence, which climaxed with the Fort Mims massacre.

Tennessee's governor responded, sending Gen. Andrew Jackson and a sizeable force to deal with the Indians. Several battles were fought near the future Brewton ending with a major engagement at Horseshoe Bend. Shortly thereafter Jackson and the Creeks confirmed a treaty which transferred over two million Creek-owned acres to the United States. In 1816 Fort Crawford was established at the future site of Brewton, one of several military outposts built to assure peace.

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