Brighton, Vermont

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Brighton is a town in Essex County, Vermont, United States. The population was 1,260 at the 2000 census. The town was named Gilead in its original grant in 1780. The town was sold to a group consisting primarily of soldiers commanded by Colonel Joseph Nightingale and subsequently named Random. The town's name was finally changed by the legislature to Brighton in 1832. The Brighton village of Island Pond gets its name from the Abenaki word Menanbawk which literally means island pond.

Brighton is part of the Berlin, NH–VT Micropolitan Statistical Area.



According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 53.4 square miles (138.4 km2), of which, 52.2 square miles (135.2 km2) of it is land and 1.2 square miles (3.2 km2) of it (2.28%) is water.

The Clyde River originates in Spectacle Pond, Brighton. It flows from there to Island Pond[3][4] from the north end of Island Pond to the west. It proceeds towards Charleston, in a northwesterly direction.


Spectacle Pond is actually a kettle. It is only 8 to 10 feet deep with a thick bottom of muck.[5]


Spectacle Pond apparently was the site of the council fires of the Iroquois Five Nations and was part of the migration route of the St. Francis Indians when traveling from Canada to the Atlantic coast.[6]


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,260 people, 529 households, and 356 families residing in the town. The population density was 24.1 people per square mile (9.3/km2). There were 891 housing units at an average density of 17.1/sq mi (6.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.16% White, 0.16% African American, 1.03% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.08% from other races, and 3.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.32% of the population.

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