Brothers Grimm

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The Brothers Grimm (German: Die Brüder Grimm or Die Gebrüder Grimm), Jacob (4 January 1785 – 20 September 1863) and Wilhelm Grimm (24 February 1786 – 16 December 1859), were German academics best known for publishing collections of folk tales and fairy tales, which became popular.[1] Jacob also did academic work in linguistics, related to how the sounds in words shift over time (Grimm's law), and together they wrote a German dictionary.

They are among the best-known story tellers of folk tales from Europe, and their work popularized such tales as "Cinderella" (German: Aschenputtel), "The Frog Prince" (German: Der Froschkönig), "Hansel and Gretel" (German: Hänsel und Gretel), "Rapunzel", "Rumpelstiltskin" (German: Rumpelstilzchen), "Sleeping Beauty" (German: Dornröschen), and "Snow White" (German: Schneewittchen).



Jacob Ludwig Karl Grimm (also Carl) and Wilhelm Karl Grimm[a] were born on 4 January 1785, and 24 February 1786, respectively, in the Wolfgang section of Hanau, Germany near Frankfurt in Hessen. They were among a family of nine children, six of whom survived infancy.[2] Their early childhood was spent in the countryside in what has been described as an "idyllic" state. The Grimm family lived near the magistrate's house between 1790 and 1796 while the father was employed by the Prince of Hessen.

When the eldest brother, Jacob, was 15 years old, their father, Philip Wilhelm, died and the family moved into a cramped urban residence.[2] Two years later, the children's grandfather also died, leaving their mother to struggle to support them in reduced circumstances. It has been argued that this is the reason behind the Brothers' tendency to idealize and excuse fathers, leaving a predominance of female villains in the tales—the infamous wicked stepmothers, for example, the evil stepmother and stepsisters in "Cinderella".[3] However this opinion ignores the fact that the brothers were collectors of folk tales, not their authors:

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