Brown County, Texas

related topics
{household, population, female}
{county, mile, population}

Brown County is a county in West Central Texas. As of 2000, the population was 37,674. Its county seat is Brownwood[1]. Brown is named for Henry Stevenson Brown, a commander at the Battle of Velasco. Brown County was founded in 1856.

The Brownwood Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Brown County.


History Timeline

  • Among first inhabitants were the Penteka.[2]
  • 1721 The Marqués de San Miguel de Aguayo expedition is said to have passed through the county.[3]
  • 1838 Land surveys are made of the area.[2]
  • 1856 Mississippi transplant Welcome W. Chandler becomes the first settler, arriving with his family, John H. Fowler, and 7 slaves. They built a log cabin on Pecan Bayou. The county is formed from Comanche and Travis. It is named after pioneer from Kentucky, Henry Stevenson Brown.[2][4]
  • 1858 The county is organized.[4] Brownwood is the county seat.[5]
  • 1874 John Wesley Hardin and gang celebrate his 21st birthday in Brown and Comanche counties. Deputy Charles Webb draws his gun provoking a gunfight that ends Webb’s life. A lynch mob is formed, but Hardin and his family are put into protective custody. The mob breaks into the jail and hang his brother Joe and two cousins. Hardin flees.[6]
  • 1875 The Fort Worth-Brownwood stage is robbed five times in two months.[2]
  • 1879 Oil is discovered on the H. M. Barnes farm near Grosvenor.[2]
  • 1886 Texas Rangers kill two fence cutters in the ongoing battle between farmers and ranchers over fencing open range.[2]
  • 1890 Cotton becomes the county’s important crop.[2]Pulitzer Prize author Katherine Ann Porter is born at Indian Creek.[7]
  • 1889 Howard Payne College[8] and Daniel Baker College[9] are established in Brownwood.
  • 1892 The Fort Worth and Rio Grande Railway is built to the county.[2][10]
  • 1895 The Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway built into Brownwood.[2]
  • 1903 The Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe line extends the line to Menard. The county votes itself a dry county. Alcohol would not become legal again until the 1950s.[2]
  • 1909 The boll weevil moves into the county, destroying the cotton economy.[2]
  • 1917 First commercial production of oil comes from the efforts of Jack Pippen at Brownwood.[2]
  • 1919 The first large field begins producing from a depth of 1,100 feet (340 m) in 1919 near Cross Cut.[2]
  • 1926 An oil boom follows the success of the White well on Jim Ned Creek; some 600 wells are drilled in several fields in the county during this time.[2]
  • 1938 Lake Brownwood State Park opens to the public.[11]
  • 1940 Work begins on Camp Bowie .[12]
  • 1943 The first German prisoners of war arrive; many are members of Erwin Rommel's Afrika Corps.[13]
  • 1953 Howard Payne College and Daniel Baker College combine under the name Howard Payne University.[2]
  • 1991 More than 50,561,000 barrels (8,038,600 m3) of oil had been taken from Brown County lands since 1917.[2]

Full article ▸

related documents
Carter County, Missouri
Greene County, Illinois
Lewis County, Tennessee
Tate County, Mississippi
Choctaw County, Alabama
Anderson County, Texas
Caribou County, Idaho
Lamar County, Texas
Bon Homme County, South Dakota
Russell County, Kentucky
Howard County, Iowa
Hancock County, Kentucky
Wirt County, West Virginia
Marshall County, Minnesota
Burke County, Georgia
Sumner County, Tennessee
Ida County, Iowa
Somervell County, Texas
Garland County, Arkansas
Campbell County, Kentucky
Carlisle County, Kentucky
Ellis County, Texas
Preston County, West Virginia
Pope County, Arkansas
Mason County, Kentucky
Schuyler County, Missouri
Metcalfe County, Kentucky
Bath County, Kentucky
Clarke County, Mississippi
Union County, Iowa