Brownwood, Texas

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Brownwood is a city in and the county seat of Brown County, Texas, United States.[3] The population was 18,813 at the 2000 census.



During the Second World War, Brownwood was the location of U.S. Army Camp Bowie, which had a peak complement of over 80,000 soldiers. Camp Bowie serves as a training camp today at the intersection Farm-to-market roads 45 and 2126.

On 19 April 1976, an F5 tornado struck near Brownwood, causing extensive damage, but no fatalities[4].

Brownwood's census figures were re-evaluated after the 2000 census from 18,813 to reflect more accurate figures of 20,407. The city was categorized in 2003 as a "Micropolitan Statistical Area". The federal Office of Management and Budget has issued a definition of "Micropolitan Statistical Areas" as "an urban cluster of at least 10,000, but less than 50,000 population, plus adjacent territory that has a high degree of social and economic integration with the core, as measured by commuting ties."

A dispute over water rights created the adjacent city of Early. The two cities are separated by the Pecan Bayou, one of five major tributaries of the Colorado River of Texas.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.6 square miles (32.6 kmĀ²), all of it land.

Water bodies

Lake Brownwood is located north of the city. The lake is a 7,300-acre (30 km2) reservoir created by damming the Pecan Bayou. There is a wide variety of fish in the lake: large mouth bass, small mouth bass, white bass, stripers, white crappie, yellow cat, flathead cat, perch, and gar. Camping, water skiing, jet skiing, and boating are available. It is home of the Lake Brownwood State Park, a 538-acre (2.18 km2) area which opened in 1938.

The Pecan Bayou is a major tributary of the Colorado River. Due to the damming of the area to form Lake Brownwood, the Pecan Bayou has a shallow depth and little flow downstream from Brownwood. During heavy rains, the bayou often floods. It runs northwest to southeast and serves as a boundary between the cities of Brownwood and Early, Texas.

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