Bryson, Texas

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Bryson is a city in Jack County, Texas, in the United States. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 528.

Contents

Geography

Bryson is located at 33°9′38″N 98°23′16″W / 33.16056°N 98.38778°W / 33.16056; -98.38778 (33.160523, -98.387805)[3]. It is situated approximately fourteen miles southwest of Jacksboro along U.S. Highway 380.[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.3 square miles (3.4 km²), of which, 1.2 square miles (3.2 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (6.77%) is water.

History

The community was first settled in the late 19th century. Originally known as Mount Hecla, a post office opened under that name in 1878.[5] Henry Bryson built the area's first residence, a log cabin, that same year.[4] The community was later renamed after him. This change was officially recognized in 1884, when the local post office took the name Bryson. Mr. Bryson went on the serve as County Commissioner.[5] Early pioneer family names of Bryson were Blount, Chambers, Clayton, Cook, Crumpton, Cullers, Enlow, Epperson, Henderson, Keyser, McCloud, Moore, Raley, Shanafelt and Vanhooser.

The Chicago, Rock Island and Texas Railway, a subsidiary of the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad, reached Bryson in the fall of 1902. Although oil had been discovered in Jack County as early as 1898, it wasn't until the mid-1920s that Bryson became an oil processing center for local producers.[4] The resulting population boom led to the community being known as Jack County's "second city" (after Jacksboro).[5]

Bryson was incorporated in 1929 and had a population of 641 in the 1930 census. A 1938 oil boom in Bryson saw the population explode with many people forced to live in tents. In 1940, the census dropped back to 806. As oil production declined, so did the population. The low point occurred in 1970, when only 455 people lived within the city limits.[5] During the latter half of the 20th century, Bryson slowly grew to over 500 residents. In 1988, there were seven businesses serving the community.[4] There were reportedly twenty-two businesses in Bryson as of 2004.[6]

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