Buckingham County, Virginia

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Buckingham County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2000 census, the population was 15,623. Its county seat is Buckingham.[1] Peter Francisco, a Revolutionary War soldier, grew up in the county.



Buckingham County, lying south of the James River at the geographic center of the state, was established on May 1st, 1761 from the southeastern portion of Albemarle County. The origin of the county name probably comes from the Duke of Buckingham (Buckinghamshire, England). Some sources say that the county was named for Archibald Cary's estate "Buckingham" which was located on Willis Creek. This is the only Buckingham County in the entire United States. In 1778 a small triangular area bordering the James River was given to Cumberland County. In 1845, another part was taken from Buckingham to form the northern portion of Appomattox County. A final adjustment of the Appomattox-Buckingham county line was made in 1860 and Buckingham's borders then became fixed in their current form. A fire destroyed the courthouse (designed by Thomas Jefferson) in 1869 and most of the early records of this county were lost.


The geographic center of Virginia is in Buckingham County. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 584 square miles (1,512.6 km2), of which 581 square miles (1,504.8 km2) is land and 3 square miles (7.8 km2) (0.46%) is water.

Adjacent Counties

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