Butte County, Idaho

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Butte County is a rural county located in the U.S. state of Idaho. It was established in 1917, and its county seat and largest city is Arco[1]. As of the 2000 Census, the county had a population of 2,899 (2008 estimate: 2,751).[2] Much of the eastern part of the county is the vast Idaho National Laboratory, which extends eastward into neighboring counties.



According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,234 square miles (5,786.0 km2), of which 2,233 square miles (5,783.4 km2) is land and 1 square mile (2.6 km2) (0.03%) is water.

The Little Lost River is located in Butte County. Its waters, along with the Big Lost River, disappear from the surface to flow underground into the Snake River Plain aquifer in Butte County.

The county was named for the volcanic buttes that rise from the desert plain;[3] the largest is Big Southern Butte, located in the southern part of the county. It rises 2500 vertical feet (762 m) above the desert floor, and was used as a landmark by pioneers.[4]

The southwestern portion of the county includes the visitor center at the Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve, which extends south & west into three other counties.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

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