Caernarfon

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Coordinates: 53°08′N 4°16′W / 53.14°N 4.27°W / 53.14; -4.27

Caernarfon (the original Welsh spelling is now almost always used in preference to the anglicised forms, "Caernarvon" or "Carnarvon"[citation needed]) is a royal town in Gwynedd, northwest Wales.

In Welsh it is pronounced [kaɨrˈnarvɔn], but it tends to be /kərˈnɑrvən/ in English.

Contents

History

Caernarfon is the traditional county town of the historic county of Caernarfonshire. The town is best known for its great stone castle, built by Edward I of England and consequently sometimes seen as a symbol of English domination. Edward's architect, James of St. George, may well have modelled the castle on the walls of Constantinople, possibly being aware of the alternative Welsh name Caer Gystennin; in addition, Edward was a supporter of the Crusader cause. On higher ground on the outskirts of the town are the remains of an earlier occupation, the Segontium Roman Fort.

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