Caldwell County, Texas

related topics
{household, population, female}
{county, mile, population}
{war, force, army}

Caldwell County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. It is part of the Austin-Round Rock metropolitan area. In 2000, the population was 32,194. Its county seat is Lockhart[1]. Caldwell County was founded in 1848, and was named after Matthew Caldwell, a ranger captain who fought in the Battle of Plum Creek against the Comanches and later against Santa Anna's armies during the Texas Revolution. Caldwell was also a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence. It is in the Lockhart-San Marcos Micropolitan Statistical Area.


History Timeline

  • 8000 b.c. Paleo-Indians Hunter-gatherers, and later Tonkawa, Karankawa.and Comanche, first inhabitants.[2]
  • 1825 Caldwell County is part of Green DeWitt's petition for a land grant to establish a colony in Texas is approved by the Mexican government.[3]
  • 1839 Edmund Bellinger becomes the first settler of Prairie Lea, the county’s oldest town. Sam Houston names the town for his future wife Margaret Moffette Lea.[4][5]
  • 1848 March - The legislature forms Caldwell County Bastrop and Gonzales counties. The county seat us called Lockhart.[2][6]
  • 1860 County population is 2,871. There are 1,610 slaves.[2] Community of Fentress is established, originally as Riverside, later changed to Fentress to honor the town’s first physician James Fentress.[7]
  • 1861 County votes 434-188 in favor of secession from the Union. Several hundred men from Caldwell County serve in the Confederate States Army.[2]
  • 1870’s St. John Colony established by former slaves.[8]
  • 1874 Town of Luling is established.[9] John and James Merriwether and Leonidas Hardeman build a gristmill and a sawmill, later to be known as Zedler’s Mills.[10]
  • 1887 The Missouri, Kansas and Texas completes its track between Lockhart and San Marcos.[2]
  • 1889 The San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railway connects Lockhart and Luling to Shiner.[2]
  • 1892 The Missouri, Kansas and Texas lays track from Lockhart east to Smithville.[2]
  • 1880-1900 Tenant farming accounts for nearly half of all the county's farming and as much as 75 percent of the 3,149 farms.[2]
  • 1902 The Southwest Texas Sacred Harp Singing Convention is established in McMahan.[11]
  • 1922, August 9 – Edgar B. Davis discovers the Luling Oilfield.[12]
  • 1927 The Luling Foundation is established by Edgar B. Davis to teach diversity in agriculture and improve the lives of farm and ranch families.[13]
  • 1948 Lockhart State Park opens to the public.[14]
  • 1953 Luling establishes its annual Watermelon Thump celebration.[15]

Full article ▸

related documents
Logan County, Illinois
Morgan County, Illinois
Platte County, Wyoming
Menard County, Illinois
Jackson County, Texas
Jefferson County, Georgia
Clark County, Missouri
Daviess County, Kentucky
Johnson County, Illinois
Coleman County, Texas
Jeff Davis County, Georgia
Washington County, Texas
Teller County, Colorado
Campbell County, Virginia
Ashley County, Arkansas
Chickasaw County, Mississippi
Irwin County, Georgia
Kaufman County, Texas
Red River County, Texas
Haywood County, Tennessee
Union County, Iowa
Lunenburg County, Virginia
Arkansas County, Arkansas
Greene County, Georgia
Laurens County, Georgia
Washington County, Georgia
Henry County, Ohio
Cass County, Illinois
Victoria County, Texas
Ozark County, Missouri