Caliente, Nevada

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Caliente (pronounced /kæliˈɛnti/), formerly known as Culverwell and Calientes is a town in Lincoln County, Nevada, United States. Its elevation is 4,300 feet (1,310 meters). The population was 1,123 at the 2000 census. The town's name originated from the nearby hot springs, as "caliente" is the Spanish word meaning "hot".[1]



Caliente was founded in 1901 on Culverwell Ranch (or just Culverwell), built on land owned by William and Charles Culverwell. The town was initially given the name of Calientes, due to the hot springs present in the area, but later in the year a post office was erected and workers removed the "s" from the name of the town. In 1905, the Union Pacific railroad was completed, followed by the construction of the train depot in the style of Spanish mission architecture. The train depot, built in 1923, is now a museum that exhibits historical information. The town was once the largest community in Lincoln County, reaching a peak of over 5,000 residents, but its population continually declined.[1]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.9 square miles (4.8 km²), all of it land.


As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 1,123 people, 408 households, and 241 families residing in the city. The population density was 603.7 people per square mile (233.1/km²). There were 479 housing units at an average density of 257.5/sq mi (99.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.27% White, 1.96% Black or African American, 3.03% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 3.56% from other races, and 3.47% from two or more races. 7.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino or of any type of race.

There were 408 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.9% were non-families. 37.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 3.12.

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