Callaway County, Missouri

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Callaway County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. It is part of the Jefferson City, Missouri Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2000, the population was 40,766. Its county seat is Fulton[1]. The county was organized in 1820. It was named for Capt. James Callaway, a grandson of Daniel Boone. Callaway was killed in Indian fighting in 1815. Callaway County is also referred to as "The Kingdom of Callaway", after an incident in which residents confronted Union troops during the American Civil War.[2]

Summit Lake Winery was founded in Holts Summit, linking the county to the Missouri Rhineland along the river. Vineyards and wineries were first established in the area by German immigrants in the 19th century. Since the 1960s, there has been a revival of winemaking throughout the state.



Callaway County was settled primarily from migrants from the Upper South states of Kentucky, Tennessee and Virginia. They brought slaves and slaveholding traditions with them, and quickly started cultivating crops similar to those in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky: hemp and tobacco. Callaway was one of several counties to the north and south of the Missouri River settled mostly by southerners in the early antebellum years. Given their culture and traditions, this area became known as Little Dixie and Callaway was at its heart.[3] In 1860 slaves made up 25 percent or more of the county's population.[4] Residents generally supported the Confederacy during the Civil War.

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