Camp X-Ray

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Camp X-Ray was a temporary detention facility at the Guantanamo Bay detention camp of Joint Task Force Guantanamo on the U.S. Naval Base in Guantánamo Bay, Cuba. The first twenty captives arrived at Guantanamo on January 11, 2002.[1][2] It was named Camp X-Ray because various temporary camps in the station were named sequentially from the beginning and then from the end of the NATO phonetic alphabet. The legal status of detainees at the camp has been a significant source of controversy, ultimately reaching the United States Supreme Court.

As of April 29, 2002, the official Camp X-Ray was closed and all prisoners were transferred to Camp Delta.

Contents

Background

Care of detainees at Camp X-Ray was handled by Joint Task Force 160 (JTF-160), while interrogations were conducted by Joint Task Force 170 (JTF-170).[3][4][5][6] JTF-160 was under the command of Marine Brigadier General Michael R. Lehnert until March 2002, when he was replaced by Brigadier General Rick Baccus. Since Camp X-Ray's closure and the subsequent opening of Camp Delta, JTF-160 and 170 have been combined into Joint Task Force Guantanamo (JTF-GTMO).

In accordance with U.S. military and Geneva Convention doctrine on prisoner treatment, soldiers guarding the detainees were housed in tents with living conditions "not markedly different" from that of the prisoners while the permanent facilities at Camp Delta were under construction.[7] This camp was one location where allegations of torture of the prisoners have been made.[8][9]

Camp X-Ray was originally built to house "Excludables" in the mid 1990s when Fidel Castro allowed any Cuban wishing to do so, to cross through the Cuban minefields and enter the base. Excludables were held in camp X-ray under post 37 before being sent back to Cuba. Excludables included troublemakers in the regular camps where CASs - Cuban Asylum Seekers - were being processed to travel to the USA. (The USA were at the time allowed access to Cuban records to process these people). Over 100,000 CAS people were processed in the mid 1990s and allowed to enter the USA. Dick Cheney, the then Vice President, has stated;

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