Campbell County, Tennessee

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Campbell County is a U.S. county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of 2000, the population was 39,854. The 2005 Census Estimate placed the population at 40,686 [1]. Its county seat is Jacksboro[1]. The Census Bureau has identified the county as a Micropolitan Statistical Area, designated the LaFollette Micropolitan Statistical Area for the largest city in Campbell County. The LaFollette Micropolitan Statistical Area is a component of the larger Knoxville-Sevierville-La Follette Combined Statistical Area.

Contents

History

Campbell County was formed in 1806 from parts of Anderson and Claiborne counties. It was named in honor of Colonel Arthur Campbell (1743-1811), a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses and an officer during the Revolutionary War.[2]

New Mammoth Cave is located in Elk Valley just west of Jellico. It was mined for saltpeter (the main ingredient of gunpowder) during the War of 1812. It is possible that this cave was also mined during the Civil War. In 1921 the cave was developed as a tourist attraction and was open to the public until at least 1928. Today, New Mammoth Cave is securely gated by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and is a santuary for bats, including the federally endangered Indiana bat. (See "Caves of Knoxville and the Great Smoky Mountains" by Larry E. Matthews, 2008, ISBN 978-1-879961-30-2, Chapter 6 - New Mammoth Cave, pages 117-130.)

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 498 square miles (1,289.8 km2), of which 480 square miles (1,243.2 km2) is land and 18 square miles (46.6 km2) (3.65%) is water.

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