Camulus

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{god, call, give}
{film, series, show}
{son, year, death}
{war, force, army}
{area, part, region}
{land, century, early}
{town, population, incorporate}

In the ancient Celtic pantheon, Camulus or Camulos was a theonym for a god whom the Romans equated with Mars by interpretatio romana [1]. He was an important god of early Britain and Gaul, especially among the Belgae and the Remi [2], a Gaulish tribe who lived in the area of modern Belgium. At Rindern, France, he was cited as Mars–Camulos on a stone with a corona of oak[3]. Elsewhere he was portrayed with a ram-horned head[4]. Evidence of his popularity can be seen in several place-names notably Camulodunum[5] . Attempts to link him with the nursery character Old King Cole and Fionn's father Cumhall have been rejected by contemporary learned commentators[6]

The town Camulodunum (now Colchester) in Essex may have been named after him[7]. Cotterell claimed that this was the basis for the legendary city Camelot[8]. Cunobelinus, Shakespeare's Cymbeline, a chief of the Catuvellauni who was called Britannorum rex by the Roman historian Suetonius, made Camulodunum his capital after defeating the local Trinobantes[9]. He established a mint there, and coins bearing his head are still found occasionally in the area[10]. After his death around AD 42, his sons fell out with Rome and gave the emperor Claudius an excuse to try to place Britain under Roman rule[11].

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