Canadian House of Commons

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This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Canada

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Sovereign (Queen Elizabeth II)

Queen's Privy Council for Canada

Government of Canada

Current Parliament (40th)
Senate

House of Commons

Parliamentary constituencies
Electoral system
Last election

Supreme Court

Court system
Constitution
British North America Acts
Peace, Order and Good Government
Charter of Rights and Freedoms

Canadian federalism
Monarchy in the Canadian provinces

Executive Councils
Politics of the Canadian provinces
Municipal government in Canada

Regions
Political culture
Foreign relations
Office-holders of Canada
Civil Service
Political movements

The House of Commons of Canada (French: Chambre des communes du Canada) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate.[1] The House of Commons is a democratically elected body, consisting of 308 members known as Members of Parliament (MPs).[1][2][3] Members are elected by simple plurality ('first-past-the-post' system) in each of the country's electoral districts, which are colloquially known as ridings.[4] MPs may hold office until Parliament is dissolved and serve for constitutionally limited terms of up to five years after an election. Historically however, terms have ended before their expiry and the sitting government has typically dissolved parliament within four years of an election according to a long-standing convention. Not withstanding this, an Act of Parliament now limits each term to four years. Seats in the House of Commons are distributed roughly in proportion to the population of each province and territory. However, some ridings are more populous than others and the Canadian constitution contains some special provisions regarding provincial representation; thus, there is some interprovincial and regional malapportionment based on population.

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