Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission

related topics
{law, state, case}
{system, computer, user}
{company, market, business}
{government, party, election}
{film, series, show}
{service, military, aircraft}
{area, part, region}

The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC, in French Conseil de la radiodiffusion et des télécommunications canadiennes) was created in 1976 when it took over responsibility for regulating telecommunication carriers. Prior to 1976, it was known as the Canadian Radio and Television Commission, which was established in 1968 by the Parliament of Canada to replace the Board of Broadcast Governors.

Contents

History

The CRTC was originally known as the Canadian Radio-Television Commission. In 1976, jurisdiction over telecommunications services, most of which were then delivered by monopoly common carriers (e.g., telephone companies), was transferred to it from the Canadian Transport Commission although the abbreviation CRTC remained the same. On the telecom side, the CRTC originally regulated only privately held common carriers, such as B.C. Tel (now part of Telus), in which a U.S. company (GTE) had a substantial stake; Bell Canada, which served Ontario, most of Quebec, and part of the Northwest Territories; and operations in Newfoundland, the Northwest Territories, Yukon and northern B.C. Other telephone companies, many of which were publicly owned, were regulated by provincial authorities until court rulings during the 1990s affirmed federal jurisdiction over the sector, which also included some fifty small independent incumbents, most of them in Ontario and Quebec.

Jurisdiction

The CRTC regulates all Canadian broadcasting and telecommunications activities and enforces rules it creates to carry out the policies assigned to it; the best-known of these is probably the Canadian content rules. The CRTC reports to the Parliament of Canada through the Minister of Canadian Heritage, which is responsible for the Broadcasting Act, and has an informal relationship with Industry Canada, which is responsible for the Telecommunications Act. Provisions in these two acts, along with less-formal instructions issued by the federal cabinet known as orders-in-council, represent the bulk of the CRTC's jurisdiction.

Full article ▸

related documents
Federal Radio Commission
Security through obscurity
Tier 1 network
Authentication
Pseudonymity
Content-control software
ITU-T
Penet remailer
North American Electric Reliability Corporation
DeCSS
Internet radio
Michael Robertson (businessman)
Trusted computing base
Section 508 Amendment to the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
Full disclosure
Shill
Communications Decency Act
Extranet
Bnetd
Man-in-the-middle attack
Call centre
Direct broadcast satellite
Geocaching
Non-repudiation
ISO 9000
Telephone card
ESRI
Physical security
Linspire
Convex Computer