Canal Winchester, Ohio

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Canal Winchester is a village in Fairfield and Franklin counties in the U.S. state of Ohio. The population was 4,478 at the 2000 census.



Canal Winchester was founded in 1828 by Reuben Dove and John Colmen. When the Ohio & Erie Canal came through Reuben Dove's wheat field, he wanted to sue the state. The canal workmen convinced him that he would be better off laying out a town since the area was midway between Columbus and Lancaster. On November 4, 1828, Reuben Dove and John Colman recorded the first plat for Winchester, Ohio, in Violet Township, Fairfield County. Dove named the village after his father's hometown of Winchester, Virginia.

Winchester flourished because of agriculture and transportation. The Ohio and Erie Canal brought passengers, freight and a means to transport grain to market. The first canal boat floated through Winchester in 1831. In 1869, the railroad came to Canal Winchester, bringing continued prosperity.

The village was named Canal Winchester when the post office was established in 1841, because there were other towns in the state of Ohio with the name Winchester. The village was annexed to Madison Township, Franklin County, in 1851. In May 1866, the Ohio Secretary of State granted incorporation papers for the Village of Canal Winchester.


Canal Winchester is located at 39°50′46″N 82°48′42″W / 39.84611°N 82.81167°W / 39.84611; -82.81167 (39.845977, -82.811675)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 6.4 square miles (16.5 km²), all land.


As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 4,478 people, 1,664 households, and 1,264 families residing in the village. The 2004 census estimates that there are now 5,381 people residing in the village, and Canal Winchester may become a city within the next year or two. The population density was 702.9 people per square mile (271.4/km²). There were 1,779 housing units at an average density of 279.2/sq mi (107.8/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 95.60% White, 2.19% African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 0.04% from other races, and 1.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.51% of the population.

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